Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (“GAAP”).
Principles of Consolidation
The Company evaluates the need to consolidate affiliates based on standards set forth in ASC 810 Consolidation (“ASC 810”).
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, Piezo Motion Corp, Discovery Technology International, Inc., MemoryMD, Inc., MemoryMD – Russia and MemoryMD - Europe. All significant consolidated transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the useful life of property and equipment and assumptions used in the valuation of options, warrants and derivative liabilities.
The Effects of COVID-19
The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic on January 30, 2020. Since the outbreak in China in December 2019, COVID-19 has expanded its impact to Europe, where all of our operations reside, as well as our employees, suppliers and customers. While the disruption is currently expected to be temporary, there is considerable uncertainty around the duration of the closings and shelter-in-place orders and the ultimate impact of governmental initiatives. However, the financial impact and duration cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid temporary cash investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. At June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no cash equivalents.
The Company’s cash is held with financial institutions, and the account balances may, at times, exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limit. Accounts are insured by the FDIC up to $250,000 per financial institution. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts with these financial institutions. As of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the Company had $3,196,350 and $277,989, respectively, in excess over the FDIC insurance limit.
Inventory consists of raw material, parts and finished goods that are valued at lower of cost or market using the weighted average method.
Property and Equipment
Property, plant and equipment are carried at cost. Depreciation is provided on the straight-line method over the assets estimated service lives. Expenditures for maintenance and repairs are charged to expense in the period in which they are incurred, and betterments are capitalized. The cost of assets sold or abandoned and the related accumulated depreciation are eliminated from the accounts and any gains or losses are reflected in the accompanying statements of operations of the respective period. The estimated useful lives range from 3 to 7 years.
Intangible assets, net
Intangible assets are measured at cost less accumulated amortization and impairment losses, if any.
Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, which do not exceed the contractual period, if any. The estimated useful lives, residual values, and amortization methods are reviewed at each year end, and any changes in estimates are accounted for prospectively.
Amortization expense is included in the consolidated income statement within general and administrative expenses.
The asset is tested for impairment if there is a trigger for impairment.
Goodwill represents the excess of the consideration transferred over the fair value of the net identifiable assets acquired. Goodwill is evaluated for impairment annually or whenever we identify certain triggering events or circumstances that would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying amount. Events or circumstances that might indicate an interim evaluation is warranted include, among other things, unexpected adverse business conditions, macro and reporting unit specific economic factors (for example, interest rate and foreign exchange rate fluctuations, and loss of key personnel), supply costs, unanticipated competitive activities, and acts by governments and courts.
Convertible Notes Payable
The Company has issued convertible notes, which contain variable conversion features, whereby the outstanding principal and accrued interest automatically convert into common shares at a fixed price which may be at a discount to the common stock at the time of conversion. For certain notes, the conversion features are contingent upon future events, whereby, the holder agreed not to convert until the contingent future event has occurred.
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606 Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This guidance requires an entity to recognize revenue by applying the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. Once the steps are met, revenue is recognized, generally upon receiving a letter of acceptance from the customer. There has been no material effect on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting Topic 606.
The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of NeuroCaps, as well as revenue from the sale of goods purchased through manufacturers of medical devices. Primarily all revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2022 are from the sale of medical devices purchased from Neurotech, a related party. Revenues for the six months ended June 30, 2021 of $9,207 related to the sales of evaluation kits.
Research and Development Costs
The Company expenses all research and development costs as they are incurred. Research and development includes expenditures in connection with in-house research and development salaries and staff costs, application and filing for regulatory approval of proposed products, regulatory and scientific consulting fees, as well as contract research, data collection, and monitoring, related to the research and development of the cloud infrastructure, data imaging, and proprietary products and technology. Research and development costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 were $83,004 and $167,721, respectively. Research and development costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 were $27,979 and $83,144, respectively.
Sales and Marketing
Advertising and marketing costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising and marketing costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 were $213,781 and $405,252, respectively. Advertising and marketing costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 were $281,271 and $325,044, respectively.
The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all stock-based payments at fair value over the requisite service period. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the weighted average fair value of options and warrants. Equity-based compensation expense is recorded in administrative expenses based on the classification of the employee or vendor. The determination of fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as by assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to, the expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors.
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Common Share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive securities consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon exercise of common stock equivalents such as stock options, warrants and convertible debt instruments. Potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. As a result, the basic and diluted per share amounts for all periods presented are identical. In the three months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021, 89,244,202, and 0 anti-dilutive securities were excluded from the computation, respectively.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments are measured and recorded at fair value based on inputs and assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining fair value, management considers the principal or most advantageous market in which the Company would transact, and also considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of non-performance.
Fair value is determined for assets and liabilities using a three-tiered value hierarchy into which these assets and liabilities are grouped based upon significant inputs as follows:
The lowest level of significant input determines the placement of the entire fair value measurement in the hierarchy. The carrying values of cash, prepaid expenses and other current assets, convertible notes, accounts payable, loans payable and due to others approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these items.
As of June 30, 2022, the Company had a Level 3 financial instrument related to the derivative liabilities related to the issuance of convertible debt and warrants. The Company did not have any other Level 1, Level 2 or Level 3 assets or liabilities as of December 31, 2021.
Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured on a Recurring Basis
Financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below and disclosed on the consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2022.
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset-and-liability method in accordance with ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes”. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on the deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded if it is more-likely-than-not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized in future periods.
The Company follows the guidance in ASC Topic 740-10 in assessing uncertain tax positions. The standard applies to all tax positions and clarifies the recognition of tax benefits in the financial statements by providing for a two-step approach of recognition and measurement. The first step involves assessing whether the tax position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination based upon its technical merits. The second step involves measurement of the amount to be recognized. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are measured at the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate finalization with the taxing authority. The Company recognizes the impact of an uncertain income tax position in the financial statements if it believes that the position is more likely than not to be sustained by the relevant taxing authority. The Company will recognize interest and penalties related to tax positions in income tax expense. As of June 30, 2022, and December 31, 2021, the Company had no unrecognized uncertain income tax positions.
Certain prior period balances have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies that the Company adopts as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, the Company does not believe that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations upon adoption.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef