Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP.
Principles of Consolidation
The Company evaluates the need to consolidate affiliates based on standards set forth in ASC 810 Consolidation (“ASC 810”).
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its subsidiaries, MemoryMD and MemoryMD - Russia. The operations of the newly formed 100% wholly owned subsidiary, MemoryMD – Russia, are included beginning April 1, 2019. All significant consolidated transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates include the useful life of property and equipment and assumptions used in the valuation of options and warrants.
The Effects of COVID-19
The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus outbreak a pandemic on January 30, 2020. Since the outbreak in China in December 2019, COVID-19 has expanded its impact to Europe, where all of our operations reside, as well as our employees, suppliers and customers. While the disruption is currently expected to be temporary, there is considerable uncertainty around the duration of the closings and shelter-in-place orders and the ultimate impact of governmental initiatives. However, the financial impact and duration cannot be reasonably estimated at this time.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid temporary cash investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. At March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company had no cash equivalents.
The Company’s cash is held with financial institutions, and the account balances may, at times, exceed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance limit. Accounts are insured by the FDIC up to $250,000 per financial institution. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts with these financial institutions. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Company had $0 and $22,856, respectively, in excess over the FDIC insurance limit.
Inventory consists of finished goods that are valued at lower of cost or market using the weighted average method. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Company had inventory totaling $1,814 and $1,461, respectively.
Property, Equipment and Depreciation
Property and equipment are recorded at cost, less depreciation. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. Expenditures for repair and maintenance are charged to operations as incurred. Property and equipment consisted of computer equipment, with an estimated useful life of three years. Depreciation expense was $176 and $341 for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Convertible Notes Payable
The Company has issued convertible notes, which contain variable conversion features, whereby the outstanding principal and accrued interest automatically convert into common shares at a fixed price which may be at a discount to the common stock at the time of conversion. For certain notes, the conversion features are contingent upon future events, whereby, the holder agreed not to convert until the contingent future event has occurred.
The Company evaluates its convertible notes and warrants to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivatives to be separately accounted for in accordance with ASC 815. The result of this accounting treatment is that the fair value of the embedded derivative is recorded as a liability and marked-to-market each balance sheet date. In the event that the fair value is recorded as a liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the statements of operations as other income or expense. Upon conversion or exercise of a derivative instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value at the conversion date and then that fair value is reclassified to equity.
The Company utilizes the Monte Carlo Method that values the liability of the debt conversion feature, derivative financial instruments and derivative warrants in cases where there may be multiple embedded features or the features of the bifurcated derivatives may be so complex that a Black-Scholes valuation does not consider all of the terms of the instrument. Therefore, the fair value may not be appropriately captured by simple models. The Monte Carlo technique applied generates many possible (but random) price paths for the underlying (or underlyings) via simulation, and then calculates the associated payment value of the derivative features. The price of the underlying common stock is modeled such that it follows a geometric Brownian motion with constant drift, and constant volatility. The stock price is determined by a random sampling from a normal distribution. Since the underlying random process is the same, for enough price paths, the value of derivative is derived from path dependent scenarios and outcomes.
From time to time, certain of the Company’s embedded conversion features on debt and outstanding warrants have been treated as derivative liabilities for accounting purposes under ASC 815 due to insufficient authorized shares to fully settle conversion features of the instruments if exercised. In this case, the Company utilized the latest inception date sequencing method to reclassify outstanding instruments as derivative instruments. These contracts were recognized at fair value with changes in fair value recognized in earnings until such time as the conditions giving rise to such derivative liability classification were settled.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which requires lessees to recognize most leases on their balance sheets as a right-of-use asset with a corresponding lease liability. Lessor accounting under the standard is substantially unchanged. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required. The Company adopted the standard effective January 1, 2019 using the cumulative-effect adjustment transition method, which applies the provisions of the standard at the effective date without adjusting the comparative periods presented. The Company adopted the following practical expedients and elected the following accounting policies related to this standard update:
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC Topic 606 Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This guidance requires an entity to recognize revenue by applying the following steps: (1) identify the contract with a customer; (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (3) determine the transaction price; (4) allocate the transaction price to each performance obligation in the contract; and (5) recognize revenue when each performance obligation is satisfied. Once the steps are met, revenue is recognized, generally upon receiving a letter of acceptance from the customer. There has been no material effect on the Company’s financial statements as a result of adopting Topic 606.
The Company recognizes revenue from the sale of NeuroCaps, as well as revenue from the sale of goods purchased through manufacturers of medical devices. Primarily all revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2021 is from the sale of medical devices in Russia purchased from Neurotech, a related party.
Research and Development Costs
The Company expenses all research and development costs as they are incurred. Research and development includes expenditures in connection with in-house research and development salaries and staff costs, application and filing for regulatory approval of proposed products, regulatory and scientific consulting fees, as well as contract research, data collection, and monitoring, related to the research and development of the cloud infrastructure, data imaging, and proprietary products and technology. Research and development costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $100,844 and $96,390, respectively.
Sales and Marketing
Advertising and marketing costs are expensed as incurred. Advertising and marketing costs recognized in the statement of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2021 and 2020 were $77,254 and $40,584, respectively.
The Company measures and recognizes compensation expense for all stock-based payments at fair value over the requisite service period. The Company uses the Black-Scholes option pricing model to determine the weighted average fair value of options and warrants. Equity-based compensation expense is recorded in administrative expenses based on the classification of the employee or vendor. The determination of fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by our stock price as well as by assumptions regarding a number of subjective variables. These variables include, but are not limited to, the expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, and actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors.
Basic and Diluted Net Loss Per Common Share
Basic net loss per share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is computed by dividing the net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and, if dilutive, potential common shares outstanding during the period. Potentially dilutive securities consist of the incremental common shares issuable upon exercise of common stock equivalents such as stock options, warrants and convertible debt instruments. Potentially dilutive securities are excluded from the computation if their effect is anti-dilutive. As a result, the basic and diluted per share amounts for all periods presented are identical. As of March 31, 2021, 7,268,245 anti-dilutive securities were excluded from the computation.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The Company’s financial instruments are measured and recorded at fair value based on inputs and assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or a liability. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received from selling an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. When determining fair value, management considers the principal or most advantageous market in which the Company would transact, and also considers assumptions that market participants would use when pricing the asset or liability, such as inherent risk, transfer restrictions, and risk of non-performance.
Fair value is determined for assets and liabilities using a three-tiered value hierarchy into which these assets and liabilities are grouped based upon significant inputs as follows:
The lowest level of significant input determines the placement of the entire fair value measurement in the hierarchy. The carrying values of cash, prepaid expenses and other current assets, convertible notes, accounts payable, loans payable and due to others approximate fair value due to the short-term nature of these items.
The Company did not have any other Level 1 or Level 2 assets or liabilities as of March 31, 2021 and the Company did not have any other Level 1 or Level 2 assets or liabilities as of December 31, 2020.
Fair Value of Financial Assets and Liabilities Measured on a Recurring Basis
Financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are summarized below and disclosed on the consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2021.
The Company accounts for income taxes using the asset-and-liability method in accordance with ASC Topic 740, “Income Taxes”. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on the deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rate is recognized in the period that includes the enactment date. A valuation allowance is recorded if it is more-likely-than-not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized in future periods.
The Company follows the guidance in ASC Topic 740-10 in assessing uncertain tax positions. The standard applies to all tax positions and clarifies the recognition of tax benefits in the financial statements by providing for a two-step approach of recognition and measurement. The first step involves assessing whether the tax position is more-likely-than-not to be sustained upon examination based upon its technical merits. The second step involves measurement of the amount to be recognized. Tax positions that meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are measured at the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized upon ultimate finalization with the taxing authority. The Company recognizes the impact of an uncertain income tax position in the financial statements if it believes that the position is more likely than not to be sustained by the relevant taxing authority. The Company will recognize interest and penalties related to tax positions in income tax expense. As of March 31, 2021, and December 31, 2020, the Company had no unrecognized uncertain income tax positions.
On December 22, 2017, the passage of legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”) was enacted and significantly revised the U.S. income tax law. The TCJA includes changes, which reduce the corporate income tax rate from 34% to 21% for years beginning after December 31, 2017. On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued and allows a company to recognize provisional amounts when it does not have the necessary information available, prepared or analyzed, including computations, in reasonable detail to complete its accounting for the change in tax law. SAB 118 provides for a measurement of up to one year from the date of enactment.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standard Board (“FASB”) or other standard setting bodies that the Company adopts as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, the Company does not believe that the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will have a material impact on the Company’s financial position or results of operations upon adoption.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef